Arabs


Arabs
   Before the Muslim era, most ancient Arabs inhabited dry wastelands lacking arable fields and pastures, and their populations, organized into competing tribes, were small and often nomadic. For these reasons, they did not create any strong, well-organized kingdoms and generally remained outside the political and cultural mainstream of the empires of Mesopotamia and the eastern Mediterranean.
   The first historical references to Arabs, called Aribi in the Akkadian tongue, appear in the book of Genesis in the Hebrew Old Testament and in Assyrian annals of the early first millennium b.c. Assyria's King Shalmaneser III mentioned Arabs as one of the peoples he defeated circa 853 b.c. Later Assyrian bas-reliefs show battles in which Arab warriors ride camels. Some evidence suggests that Persia's King Darius I conquered parts of Arabia in the late sixth century b.c. and collected tribute from local sheikhs.
   Following the fall of Persia nearly two centuries later, the Arabs remained autonomous until a.d. 106, when the Romans annexed the northwestern portion of Arabia and made it a province of their empire. The Romans called this region, roughly corresponding to modern Jordan, Arabia Petraea. It was one of the three general divisions of Arabia recognized throughout antiquity. The other two were, in Roman terminology, Arabia Deserta, the remote, nearly waterless interior of the country; and Arabia Felix, the southern coastal region now occupied by Yemen and Oman. For many centuries the ports of Arabia Felix were vital links in a trade route that received goods from the Far East and funneled them via camel caravans northward into Mesopotamia and Palestine.

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ARABS —    Semitic, tribally organized people subsisting through seminomadic and nomadicpastoralism andtrade. They were able to expand throughout the Arabian peninsula after the domestication of the camel in the second millennium and facilitated trade… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Arabs —    Inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula and Syrian desert since long before the rise of Islam (q.v.). Before the fourth century, the caravan trade to Syria (q.v.) gave rise to the Nabataean kingdom with its capital at Petra (q.v.), succeeded by… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Arabs — Dundee United (so called because their pitch at one time was said to be very sandy and suitable for Arabs) …   Scottish slang

  • Arabs — noun plural of Arab …   Wiktionary

  • ARABS — American Registry Of Arab Bred Sporthorses (Community » Sports) ** Arabian Riders And Breeders Society (Community » Non Profit Organizations) * Aerial Re supply and Accompanying Bundle System (Governmental » Military) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Arabs — Ar·ab || ærÉ™b n. member of a Semitic people living in the Middle East and northern Africa adj. of a Semitic people living in the Middle East and northern Africa …   English contemporary dictionary

  • ARABS — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arabs, Palestinians, Islam and Peace in Israeli School Textbooks — is a 2000 2001 and 2001 2002 update by the Institute for Monitoring Peace and Cultural Tolerance in School Education to its earlier September 2000 analysis of Israeli textbooks, entitled Arabs and Palestinians in Israeli Textbooks.… …   Wikipedia

  • ARABS vel ARABUS — ARABS, vel ARABUS Apollmis fil. ex Babylone, ut inquit, Plin. l. 7. c. 56. quem artis Medicae repertorem fuisse dicit: forralse, quod Babylone natus ibi medicinae studuerit, postea autem ad Arabas detulerit. Item Arabs, vel Arabus est lapis… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Arabs in Israel —    Israel s Declaration of Independence commits to foster the development of the country for the benefit of all inhabitants . . . based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel. Israel s non Jewish citizenry is… …   Historical Dictionary of Israel